Certainly, many people familiar with the situation, when eating hot or cold, hard or acidic foods, suddenly there are unpleasant sensations or sharp pain in the teeth. Unfortunately, this situation is familiar to almost everyone.
How to cope with the hypersensitivity of the teeth
Hyperesthesia of hard tissues of teeth, or hypersensitivity occur very often. The main cause of the syndrome is the thinning of tooth enamel. Are also highlighted other reasons associated with damage to the enamel.
Before addressing this issue, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the basic symptoms and what triggers tooth sensitivity, to be able in the early stages to prevent undesirable consequences.
The main symptom of hypersensitivity is a discomfort or a sharp, intermittent pain. Usually the pain lasts from 10 to 30 seconds, then goes away. The nature and intensity of a toothache can vary from mild discomfort to severe. The symptom may be local or General in nature.
The degree of tooth sensitivity
It is customary to distinguish the following degrees of tooth sensitivity:
- The first degree is shown in the form of increased response to sudden changes in temperature (hot or cold food, drinks).
- Second degree – to these feelings is added sensitivity to sweet, salty or sour food.
- In the third degree the teeth react to all these stimuli, including solid foods (nuts, crackers, etc.).
The main causes of tooth sensitivity:
- thinning tooth enamel;
- non-carious tooth damage;
- illnesses, including infectious and endocrine pathology;
- high stress and mental disorders;
- vitamin deficiency and micronutrient deficiency;
- of periodontal diseases (parodontosis, periodontitis);
- exposure necks of the teeth, gum disease.
- machining teeth (set of crowns, grinding);
- abuse of bleaching abrasive toothpastes;
- excessive consumption of fruit and berries containing large amounts of organic acids;
- abuse of solid and acidic foods, nuts and seeds;
- microtrauma, cracks, spalling of the enamel as a result of mechanical impacts;
- genetic predisposition, malocclusion.
The mechanism of tooth hypersensitivity
The mechanism of hypersensitivity is still unknown. To date, however, there are a few versions that has spread:
- Receptor theory of dental pain occurs due to irritation of nerve endings, which are located in dantonovich tubes. From these receptors, a signal is supplied to the pulp, resulting in a clinical hyperesthesia.
- Nerve-reflex theory – the reason is the violation of ion-exchange processes in tissues. In the end, increases the sensitivity of the receptor apparatus of the dentin.
- Hydrodynamic theory, the pain and discomfort appears as a result of violation of circulation of fluid in the tubules Denisovich. Thus, there is a stimulation of mechanoreceptors nerve endings.
It is the latter theory is very popular today. Determination of the mechanism of tooth sensitivity is of great importance. Knowledge of the mechanism will allow not only to find effective means of treatment, but to prevention of disease.
Ways to treat sensitive teeth
Most of the methods of treatment of hyperesthesia aimed at restoring tooth enamel and microcirculation is destinului liquid. A separate group of cases where heightened sensitivity has developed as the result of any disease. In such a situation, methods of treatment depend on the cause of the pathology.
The main methods of treatment depending on the causes of hyperesthesia:
- Violation of the mineral composition of the enamel – remineralization and fluoridation. Uses a special application, containing calcium and fluorine, as well as some types of therapeutic toothpastes. If necessary, coating the surface of the tooth with a filling composition.
- The carious process is the preparation of tooth with the subsequent installation of the seal.
- The exposure of the tooth neck surgical treatment, gingivoplasty.
- Gum disease – medical or surgical treatment.
- Increased enamel abrasion due to malocclusion — orthodontic therapy.
- The restoration of calcium-phosphorus metabolism.
Method of treatment should be determined by the doctor. Therefore, if you have symptoms of hypersensitivity, it is recommended to consult a specialist as soon as possible. It should be noted that the treatment of hypersensitivity in the case of mild forms can be carried out at home.
This purpose allowed the use of special medical toothpastes, gum and mouthwash. However, in severe cases, treatment must be carried out by a doctor. Moreover, only in the clinical setting can be carried out effective methods of treatment. For example, the use of electrophoresis allows to accelerate the process of remineralization of enamel.
To prevent the occurrence of hyperesthesia, must undergo regular preventive examination at the dentist. You also cannot abuse the whitening toothpastes and foods that can trigger the development of the disease.