Dermatology

Warts: causes, types, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Warts
Written by med

Warts are benign (unlike malignant, without formation of cancer cells) skin formation that is formed under the influence of various representatives of the family of human papilloma virus (HPV), which has hundreds. For warts no sex or age barriers: their prevalence is the same among both genders and does not depend on age.
The content of the article

  • Ways of infection and causes of warts
  • Types and symptoms of warts
  • Conventional (also called vulgar) warts
  • Flat (juvenile) warts
  • Plantar warts
  • Senile (seborrheic) verruca
  • Condyloma (genital warts)
  • Diagnosis of warts
  • Wart treatment

Ways of infection and causes of warts

Ordinary (vulgar) warts (photos) HPV is transmitted by contact: either through direct contact with a carrier (handshake) or via contaminated household items and the environment (baths, showers, basins, etc.). But we should not shy away from the hand outstretched to a colleague or good friend: the condition for the infection is the unfavorable combination of several factors:

  • skin crack and microtraumas, chronic scratches. Risk group — persons who, in their professional activities engaged in wet cleaning or hand wash: they have a lot of microtrauma to the skin;
  • a weak immune system (indicator — frequent colds);
  • excessive sweating of hands and feet.

If everything was dysfunctional, the first wart will appear in 1.5-6 months: this is the incubation period of a viral infection caused by HPV.

Types and symptoms borodavkina (also called vulgar) warts

These warts are 2/3 of the total number of warts on the skin. This is just the same these warts intelligibility peculiar to the age: they are more likely to live with children in elementary schools.

The favorite location of the wart are the hands (palm and back parts), fingers, sometimes (which is very unpleasant from an aesthetic point of view) face. Appearance vulgar warts very unassuming: round seal-a knot the size of a pinhead to a small pea. The color on the skin is not allocated. Isolated warts are rare: usually several or a whole series. Moreover, one of the warts is the largest, the so-called parent wart. If it is eliminated, then the rest will come by themselves.

Flat (juvenile) warts

Flat (juvenile) warts (photo) Another representative of the “young” warts affecting individuals aged 10 to 25 years. Are small flat papules with a bit of eye-catching on the skin surface with smooth (sometimes scaly) surface. Color — Nude, sometimes with a yellowish tinge. Most cases flat warts are found on the back of the hands, wrist joints, face and neck. Sometimes on the glans penis.

Plantar warts

Plantar wart (pictures) These warts are distinguished by increased pain, especially felt when walking. Externally, plantar warts are difficult to distinguish from calluses. They can have both convex and concave shape. Plantar warts are popping up in tune with its name on the soles, in places of the greatest friction.

Senile (seborrheic) verruca

Senile (seborrheic) verruca (photo) Emerging years epithelial benign tumor arising in old age is called senile wart. Initially it is a little brown spot that increases with time, reaches a diameter of 5-6 cm. Senile wart (also called seborrheic keratitis) is oily, covered with crusts surface. Over time it is compacted, its surface covered with cracks and literally poured a dark brown color. Formed the senile warts on private parts of the body, but sometimes annoying with its unwitting owner on the face, neck, limbs.

Condyloma (genital warts)

These warts have a specific localization: the genitals, perineum, vagina and anus. Can occur in the armpits, under a woman’s Breasts, and children — in the nasolabial folds. In appearance they are often compared to a cock or scallop with cauliflower because of its lobed structure. Painting warts — flesh or pale pink, but should they RUB, and they acquire a crimson color and begin to bleed. Form extensive colonies.

Diagnosis of warts

Diagnosis of warts is not difficult, this is not rocket technology. Just look at the clinical manifestations of these unwanted growths. Plantar warts differ from calluses in trivial papillary structure first, genital warts from wide warts, which is a sign of secondary syphilis — on a more dense texture, wide base and a bit of the surface of the latter.

Treatment of warts Warts are removed either with pharmacological or mechanical means. Given their viral entity, fighting with them as appropriate: prescribe antiviral (and oxolinic tebrofenovuyu) ointment. This will prevent spread of warts on the more “undeveloped” area. From folk methods have gained wide-spread milky juice of celandine, eye-catching on the cut plants.

Electrocoagulation (electric current + high temperature) help to get rid of warts even in the most severe cases.

Cryotherapy (cryoablation with liquid nitrogen) is very well suited for the treatment of vulgar warts. This procedure is virtually painless, making it suitable for use in children.

Plantar warts are treated in an integrated way: first with cryotherapy and then surgically, isseka affected area tissue under local anesthesia.

Also used and laser therapy, using different types of rays. Depends on it to evaporate or coagulated the affected area.

Usually with warts, no problems arises, but there are relapses. And about half of the cases they pass on their own, without any treatment.

As a preventive measures can be advised to respond promptly to the emergence of even a single wart and to take immediate steps to eliminate it.

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