Dietology

The types of vegetarianism, the benefits and harms of the supply system

Written by med

Vegetarianism has every right to exist: some people do not eat otherwise. Vegetarianism is a system of power that restricts or eliminates foods of animal origin. Note that vegetarianism goes back to ancient times when our ancestors ate only vegetarian food.
The content of the article

  • Types of vegetarianism
  • How to eat the vegetarian?
  • The mandatory proportion in the diet
  • The necessary combination of products
  • The benefits and harm of vegetarianism
  • The therapeutic effect of vegetarianism
  • Video on the topic: “Vegetarianism: for and against”

Types of vegetarianism

There are several types of vegetarianism: veganism, lactovegetarians, lactoovovegetarians.

  • Veganism or starovojtenko
    Is a strict diet, which excludes all foods of animal origin. It is forbidden to eat milk, dairy products, eggs, fish, seafood and, of course, all kinds of meat. Some vegans refuse even honey.
  • Lactovegetarians
    Is lacto-vegetarian in nature. This means that food used not only vegetable products but also milk, dairy and dairy products.
  • Lactoovovegetarians
    In this case, in addition to products of plant origin, allows milk and eggs.

True vegetarians called starovegetariantsy or vegan. Now you can find ovolactovegetarians and blagoveschentsev. All supporters of vegetarianism have in common is that they use food can be subjected to heat treatment. In contrast to these trends, there was a special branch of vegetarianism – itarianism (raw food diet). Supporters of this trend to eat raw vegetarian food.

How to eat the vegetarian?

Vegetarianism as power system People who adhere to vegetarianism, can use up to 300 of vegetables and root crops, 600 species of fruit products and 200 types of nuts.

Thanks legumes (peas, soybeans, beans, lentils), nuts, kohlrabi, cauliflower, spinach and wheat, the body gets proteins. Source of fatty acids is vegetable oil: sunflower, olive, corn, linseed, walnut, hemp, almond, mustard, legumes, coconut, poppy seed, cotton. Carbohydrates come in many fruits and vegetables, but most of the carbohydrates found in bread, cereals, sugar.

The mandatory proportion in the diet

To become a true vegetarian, you need to follow certain proportions in the diet:

  • 25% are roots and green vegetables, heat-treated;
  • 25% is a raw root and leafy vegetables served as salads;
  • another 25% are raw fruit or dried fruit soaked in water;
  • 10% of the daily diet is proteins, which are contained in nuts, milk, dairy products, cheese;
  • 10% are carbohydrates supplied by grain products, cereals, sugar;
  • 5% is given to fats.

With a vegetarian type of food cannot be added to food vinegar and seasonings.

The necessary combination of products

To the body receives the necessary elements to include in the diet the following combinations:

  • peanuts + sunflower seeds;
  • wheat + legumes, sesame, peanuts;
  • rice + beans or sesame.
  • legumes + sesame;
  • beans + wheat or corn;
  • sesame + soy and peanuts;
  • sesame + wheat and soy;
  • soy wheat and rice;
  • soy wheat and sesame.
  • soy peanut and sesame.

The benefits and harm of vegetarianism

The attitude to vegetarianism is still ambiguous. Some studies show the benefits of this power system, other – harm. Specialists do not like what is in the diet lacking animal proteins. The body requires about 30% of this protein (the total amount supplied to the organism amino acids).

Vegetarianism deprives the body of many elements. If a person adheres to many years of being vegan (a strict form of vegetarianism), in the body there is a deficiency of zinc, iron, calcium, essential amino acids, vitamins A, B2, B12 and D. These substances are largely contained in animal products. In plant foods, they are either absent or are present in too small quantities. The deficit is due to the fact that the information contained in products of vegetable origin, copper, iron, zinc, calcium is poorly absorbed.

It is proved that in healthy people deprived of animal products, develop protein deficiency, goiter and hypovitaminosis. From this it follows that veganism is not suitable for children, adolescents, pregnant and lactating women, athletes and sick people.

Not recommended starovojtenko women postmenopausal and elderly people.

The therapeutic effect of vegetarianism

Sparing nature of lactovegetarians and lactoovovegetarians helps to engage them in the treatment of several diseases. Arranging short courses or fasting days with these power systems, it is possible to fight atherosclerosis, hypertension, circulatory insufficiency, gout, pyelonephritis, urolithiasis, chronic renal failure, obesity, acute hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver (with reduced amounts of fat and protein).

Modern nutritionists, commending a vegetable diet, do not detract from the value of food animal. They are sure to treat every disease among the vegetable products not. In the body needs to be a balance, which is also provided by animal and plant food. And you strive for balance and harmony. Be healthy!

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