Dermatology

Streptodermii: causes, symptoms and treatment

Written by med

Streptoderma is an infectious disease of the skin, and the reason for this “invasion” of streptococci, sowing destruction and death of epidermal cells. In fairness it should be noted that this disease has an alternative name — streptococcal pyoderma, but for some reason people decided to swallow the letter “o” in the second word, which phrase becomes absolutely obscene sound.

But seriously, this disease, like any skin disease, due to its publicity and availability to the public eye can easily poison the life of his poor owner.
The content of the article

  • Streptodermii: causes
  • Streptodermii: symptoms
  • Streptodermii: diagnosis
  • Streptodermii: treatment

Streptodermii: causes

Streptoderma. Photo. Skin performs a vital function in our body: being a robust natural barrier, the first is getting in the way of any pathogenic “evil”, considers a human body as a forage base, where “heat, light and flies do not bite.” But under certain conditions, under the influence of adverse factors of the skin to some extent loses its protective potential. This can happen when pollution, violations of peripheral blood circulation due to varicose veins, overheating or hypothermia of the hands or feet, minor injuries of the skin (bites, cuts, abrasion), which on the background of low immunity and deficiency long to heal and ease the penetration of microorganisms into the skin. Stimulating the development of streptococcal factor is the presence of other health conditions, such as diabetes or kidney failure.

Streptodermii: symptoms

The infection starts to manifest itself a week later after infection. The first symptom of streptococcal are small pinkish spots circular or irregular shape. After 2-3 days they turn into blisters filled with purulent contents. If streptococci “frolic” on the skin’s surface, not all so bad: after opening the bubbles-vesicles they quickly heal and leave behind ugly scars. This superficial form of streptococcalso-called impetigo. However, if there is a more profound form of the disease — streptococcal ecthyma — the effects remaining after the healing of scars, unfortunately, can not be avoided.

Other symptoms besides skin rashes, expressed little. Sometimes there is mild burning and itching and dryness of infected skin. Streptodermii in children, occurring in conjunction with another disease can cause high temperature and swollen lymph nodes in the affected area.

Streptoderma can attack perfectly healthy, with no visible defects, the skin, however it does not touch the hair and nails, a condition which is not changed in the disease process. Initially, streptoderma is localized in a concentrated area, but the subsequent inattention to personal hygiene, disregard for the treatment and wetting the affected skin lit green light on the spread of infection. Streptodermii in children very clearly demonstrates this: it is necessary to wash the sick child, as after a couple of hours of pink spots is increased and the skin swells.

Chronic streptoderma is characterized by the increase in the infected lesions (diameter up to 10 cm) with torn edges and peeling keratinized epidermis. After opening the vesicles are formed yellowish-brown serous crusts, under which, if cut, reveals bright pink skin with signs of erosion. Over time, the lesions develops microbial eczema.

Streptodermii: diagnosis

As described above, the clinical picture gives the doctor enough arguments to bring in medical card of the patient as its professionally-unreadable handwriting the word “Streptopelia”. For greater reliability, examine the scrapings from the skin under a microscope, which identified the streptococci. If the patient has himself got his incompetent hands in the healing process and began to use some antibacterial ointment, microscopic examination even with the presence of streptococcal may not give results. In this case, rely on a visual inspection of the patient.

Should be distinguished from streptodermii urticaria, eczema, atopic dermatitis. To this end, the patient undergoes a partial “interrogation” to determine possible relationships with potential allergens.

Streptodermii: treatment

Sick streptoderma should minimize contact with others to avoid spreading of the disease, since the disease is contagious. In order to avoid allergic reactions from the diet eliminates sharp/sweet/greasy and other gastronomic treats. But it will not “roam” Allergy and “dried” the affected skin.

During the treatment of streptococcal impossible to wash. To still not lose the human species healthy skin, wipe with a damp swab moistened with infusion of chamomile or plain water.

Treatment is based, depending on the extent of damage to the skin. If they are not large enough will be restricted to local treatment. With extensive lesions and in case of failure of local therapy should be plugged Immunopreparat, vitamins, tonic medicines, hemotherapy was, UV irradiation of the affected areas.

Purulent vesicles open at the base, using a sterile needle. The affected area twice a day treated with “green” or methylene blue, and then apply a bandage soaked in an antibacterial ointment (use erythromycinbuy, tetracycline, etc.). The dried peel is lubricated salicylic alcohol, not more than a day it is easily removable.

Prevention of streptococcal involves careful attention to the minor wounds of the skin should immediately treat them with an antiseptic solution. A healthy lifestyle, careful personal hygiene, good nutrition, fresh air also contribute to the successful prevention of streptococcal.

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