Stomatology

Restoration of teeth: indications and methods

Written by med

Smile today is a part of the image of a successful man. Smooth, white teeth exert on others a positive impression, inspire confidence, attract the right people, etc.

The perfect smile consists of 3 segments:

  • smooth excellent teeth;
  • healthy gums;
  • full red border of the lips which highlights the beauty.

Criteria of aesthetic tooth

Color. Prior to the restoration it is important to correctly determine the color characteristics that will determine the aesthetics of the tooth. To simulate the colors of “his” teeth, you must take into account the fact that the native tooth consists of only two colors: the enamel and dentin. The appearance of shades is due to different depth of dentinal tissue. Therefore, there is a chameleon effect, and the tooth looks natural. With age, teeth become darker, and it’s important to keep in mind before work.

Form. This is an important criterion of aesthetics. Each tooth not only has a standard “figure”, but for individual relief. He is one of a kind, like fingerprints. To standards forms include: narrowing of the tooth from the crown to the cervical, low position of the cutting edge of the upper lateral incisors compared with the Central teeth, etc. To the individual characteristics include the transparency level of the cutting edges, its texture, the presence of enamel spots, inclusions, etc. During the restoration, men need to consider the shape of the corners of the crowns of the teeth, which is close to 90º. For women preferred slightly rounded corners. Have chewing teeth, it is important to consider the shape of hillocks and fissures, their conformity with the teeth of the opposite side and functional parameters. Thanks to this structure, the teeth are able to perform their chewing function. The strength of the future restoration should always be kept in mind.

What is “restoration”?

Restoration of teeth: before and after. Installation of 6 porcelain veneers on the top row + whitening.

During the restoration, the recovery and correction of functional and aesthetic characteristics of the tooth, provided by using the composite materials directly in the oral cavity or outside (when using prosthetic).

The goal of restoration: to optimize the shape and color so that the “artificial” tooth could not be distinguished from the native tooth.

Unlike restorations from simple of the seal is that the aesthetic dentist uses modern materials, allowing not only to restore the lost tissues of the tooth, but also to mimic the dentin and enamel in the desired colors and transparency. This is an art work, the result of which is complete in all respects tooth.

Indications for tooth restoration:

  • correction of the shape (size) and color of the tooth;
  • changing the position of the tooth in the row;
  • treatment of carious lesions in pursuing further restore the function and aesthetics of the tooth.

Contraindications to tooth restoration

These include absolute prohibitions:

  • the presence of a pacemaker;
  • allergic to the composite or adhesive for it;
  • the inability to insulated cavity and the tooth from moisture.

Relative contraindications include:

  • the combination of direct occlusion in pathological abrasion of teeth. Here we need a correction of the anomaly by a podiatrist;
  • deep incisal overlap;
  • bruxism;
  • violation of the rules of oral hygiene, or lack thereof.

Dental restoration techniques

Allocate only two methods:

  • direct method;
  • indirect method.

For the direct method is characterized by carrying out all the stages in the mouth in one visit. In most cases, large losses of tooth, use the pin. Particularly popular following pins:

  • fiberglass;
  • titanium;
  • silver;
  • anchor, etc.

They are the basis or Foundation for further development of the tooth. Before installation of the pin, the dentist prepares the part of the channel, extending its mouth and venturing into the channel. This is followed by a fixing pin on the cement or with the use of modern adhesive technology.

To restore the shape and color of the future tooth doctor applies two groups of materials: composites and compomers. Composites are able to stay in the area of restoration due to chemical bonds with the enamel by means of adhesive (glue). Compomers use the same principle of deduction, but still release fluoride in the enamel to strengthen it.

For the indirect method of teeth restoration is typical of the bulk phases outside of the oral cavity, as applied to orthotic design. Among them one of the most aesthetic, practical and comfortable materials are veneers.

A veneer is a thin ceramic plate. Creates a perfect cosmetic effect. This technique allows not only to remove the wide gap between the front teeth, but it also hides the yellowness of the teeth, which is not removed by bleaching. The procedure of aesthetic restoration is painless and simple. If desired, the plate can be easily removed with no damage the enamel.

Restoration of teeth – this is a unique opportunity to preserve them for years to come in compliance with all rules and technological aspects. With proper selection methods, the patient gets recovered according to the international standards artificial tooth corresponding to all the characteristics (including aesthetic and functional) of a natural tooth.

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