Infections

Inoculation on vacation

Inoculation
Written by med

You’ve planned a vacation on an exotic resort, and then, finally, the long awaited moment has arrived! But before you pack your suitcase, prepare thoroughly for the upcoming vacation. Find out which vaccinations are required for entry into the country of your dreams, and make them as soon as possible.

Going to travel overseas, keep in mind: for the sea, you can not only get a lot of pleasant, but a lot of unpleasant experiences/sensations. The latter in most cases the result of exotic diseases, the existence of which you, packing suitcases at home, even do not suspect. To best protect yourself, make the necessary vaccinations. What – find out at the Embassy resort in the country.

For that year, continued popularity among Russians are the resorts of Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Peru, India, in General, the most different and distant countries. The list of diseases that you can catch in these heavenly corners of the world, is quite extensive, but to mention the main not hurt. This plague, cholera, yellow fever, malaria, typhoid fever, meningococcal disease, encephalitis, hepatitis a, rabies.

Tourist

Vaccinations are of 2 types: mandatory (tetanus, diphtheria) and optional (hepatitis a, rabies). First, you need to do all the second – depending on the specific situation. If you travel to exotic countries, you need both.

Vaccination is carried out at the request of the tourist, however, this rule does not apply to the vaccine against yellow fever. To take root of it all people from 6 months of age travelling to exotic countries.

Take care of vaccinations in advance. Not one day before departure, but much earlier, at least for a few weeks, because your body will need time to develop the necessary antibodies and the formation of persistent immunity.

To make the necessary vaccinations in a special vaccination centers or commercial blades. To do this, make an appointment with the doctor-infectionist. After all necessary manipulations you will be given a special certificate confirming vaccination.

Overseas misfortunes

When was the last time you heard about the cholera outbreak in Russia? For a long time? That’s what it is. But in exotic countries, most of whom are famous not Ah what health and hygiene standards, of cholera are registered often.

Cholera – an acute intestinal disease of an infectious nature, leading to an absolute dehydration of the body. Source of infection – contaminated water, products that have not undergone heat treatment. Mostly fish and seafood. Symptoms of cholera – diarrhea, discoloration of the skin on the ash, the decrease in body temperature, convulsions.

Cholera vaccines are administered twice a month. Kids up to 5 years – 0.2 ml, children from 5-ti to 10-ti years – 0.3 ml, and all who are older – already 0.5 ml.

Plague is a natural disease of an infectious nature. His agents are everywhere and live with the same success affect people and animals. In General, the plague that never sleeps. To catch her is very simple: due to the bite of infected insects (fleas), animals, small rodents. The “classic” carriers of the plague sticks, mouse and rat.

Plague usually develops in stages. First, the temperature rises, there runny nose, inflamed mucous membranes, eyes, diarrhea begins. The next stage is coughing, wheezing in the lungs, including inflammation, accompanied by nervous manifestations (convulsions, tics). The patient’s fever, his inflamed lymph nodes.

Immunization is carried out one-time intradermally. Immunity is formed in a few days and reaches a peak after a month. If necessary, anti-plague vaccination can be carried out annually.

Yellow fever is a very dangerous viral disease. So dangerous that without proper certificate of vaccination you will not be let into most African, Asian and Latin American countries. Vectors yellow death – a banal mosquitoes.

The symptoms of this disease is very eloquent: one hell of a headache, fever, alternating with chills, hemorrhage (skin and mucous membranes), liver and kidneys. As a result, these bodies can not effectively purify the body from decay products, is intoxication, and man dies.

The vaccine against yellow fever is found separately from other vaccines a month before departure in a “dangerous” country. Just one injection guarantees absolute protection from the deadly disease by as much as 10 years.

Malaria is a very insidious disease, which can manifest both through the week and through the year! Symptoms – severe discomfort, literally fatal lack of energy, sudden changes in temperature . The disease is transferred infected Anopheles mosquitoes. In Russia, vaccination against this scourge do not, but in exotic countries you’ll find life-saving pills. To do this, simply contact the local red cross or non-governmental international organisation Doctors without borders.

Typhoid fever. If you believe the epidemiology, risk personally acquainted with this disease is particularly high in Eastern Europe, Africa and Asia, in Australia. Typhoid fever is an infectious disease, pathogens which are carried in the faeces and urine of infected people. Symptoms – severe intoxication, nausea, dizziness, fever, pain, bleeding in the intestines, and in some cases, and its perforation, and a characteristic rash. To avoid the disease will help the observance of the elementary rules of hygiene and, of course, vaccination. Usually enough to do one injection two weeks before the holiday. Immunity from typhoid is produced for 5 years.

Hepatitis a or infectious disease – viral disease affecting the liver. Its main symptoms: jaundice, malaise, lethargy, loss of appetite. Vaccination is advisable for all tourists, previously without a history of hepatitis A, which are sent to Asia and Africa. So the body has developed immunity, should be vaccinated in two stages. 1st vaccination creates immunity for six months. It should be done no earlier than 2 weeks prior to departure. Want to get immunity against hepatitis A for 20 years? Vaccinate again six months after the first vaccination.

Meningitis – inflammation of the meninges, the spinal cord. A very dangerous disease, which ranks 10th in the mortality rate in the world. Its main symptoms: high fever, unbearable headache and joint pain, vomiting, rash, dark color. The person is so hurt that he can’t put your chin to your chest.

To be vaccinated against meningitis, you need tourists traveling to Africa, Saudi Arabia, especially in Mecca. Such are the demands of the city authorities. Make a one-time vaccination 2 weeks prior to departure. Immunity to disease is produced for 5 years.

Rabies. The first symptoms of the disease, the main vectors which animals, often confused with the symptoms of SARS or intestinal infections. This is not surprising – General weakness, cough and a slight increase in temperature indicate the broad spectrum of diseases. 2nd stage of development of rabies – an acute manifestation of disorders of neurologic nature. Depression gives way to panic, people trying to escape or attack others, having difficulty breathing and various phobias (fear of water, bright light). After 1-2 days in infected begins salivating, then he’s paralyzed. In the absence of appropriate treatment the lethal outcome is inevitable.

Preventive vaccination against rabies is recommended in the first place, tourists who go hunting in exotic countries. To vaccinerelated need at least a month before departure. 3 doses of the drug administered according to the scheme on the 1st, 7th and 21st or the 28th day.

Tick-borne encephalitis is a natural focal disease. Affects the Central nervous system begins as a high fever with increasing of body temperature up to 40 degrees. The infected person feels overwhelmed, has trouble sleeping, worried about his typical pain in the limbs. Hearing deteriorates, the mind gets confused, possible paralysis and coma.

Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis is necessary for those who are planning a trip to the forests of Central Europe, and Vietnam. Vaccinated do in 2 stages with a minimum interval of 2 weeks. To get strong immunity for 5 years, you must enter the 3rd dose of vaccine a year.

If you are going to South-East Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Brunei, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines) can not hurt to get vaccinated against Japanese encephalitis – a viral disease leading to inflammation of the brain.

Vaccination takes place in three stages: at the 1st, 7th, 30th day. But if you are in a hurry, the last shot can be done on the 14th day, but not less than 10 days prior to departure. In this case, it is immune to the bite of dangerous bloodsuckers will be kept within 3 years.

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