One of the alternative names hay fever “hay fever”. But don’t be fooled by the word “fever” — it’s not the pathogenic viruses and bacteria that cause temperature rise and other “postadoption” symptoms. Hay fever is allergic to pollen, generously distributed plants in your “marriage” period, and developing in cases where the body is unable to “digest” the effect of male gametophytes (which is pollen).
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Causes of pollinosis in children
The manifestation of pollinosis child what determines the susceptibility of a child’s hay fever? If the family has at least one such “Martyr”, there is a high probability that this disease will manifest itself and its descendants. Although hay fever is a hereditary disease, studies show that children’s susceptibility to the pollen of plants rooted in their ancestry. Hay fever is quite common in asthmatics. Eczema, passive Smoking and air pollution — all these factors can also cause hay fever.
The symptoms of pollinosis in children
Hay fever in children primarily diagnosed by two main characteristics: causeless, at first sight, sneezing and profuse nasal discharge lasting for the entire period of the mass distribution of pollen in the environment. Eyes may redden, tear and unbearable itching. May be photophobia and paroxysmal cough. Due to allergic swelling of the mucous membranes of the upper part of respiratory tract breathing becomes difficult, and at the beginning of the problems occur with nasal breathing, and then there is a feeling of a lump in the throat. In some cases, hay fever causes skin rashes. These are all physiological problems affect the General state of the child, he is capricious, becomes restless or, on the contrary, sluggish and sleepy. He lost appetite, headaches, can increase the body temperature (not always). From complications that are characteristic of hay fever include bacterial infections and their effects — sinusitis, conjunctivitis,etc.
By and large, hay fever can occur in adults, but still this annoying disease in a greater degree peculiar to children. And this is true for developed countries like USA, UK and Australia. According to statistics out of 100 children 15 susceptible to hay fever.
Usually, hay fever develops under the influence of grass pollen, but that doesn’t mean arboreal pollen does not fall under suspicion. For example, the pollen of birch or hazel very contagious in terms of pollinosis. The duration of symptoms is determined by the source of allergies, i.e. a view of the offending pollen. Thus, the symptoms induced by grass pollen can be annoying from may to July, while the tree pollen makes me sneeze and sniffed, beginning in early spring.
Treatment of pollinosis in children
Any treatment aimed at suppressing symptoms and do not affect the causes, threatens to turn into a waste of time. In this regard, an important condition of successful treatment of hay fever in children, like any other Allergy, is the withdrawal of the child from the “fire” of the allergen, or at least limit contact with the allergen.
How can you hide from the ubiquitous pollen? The problem is solved temporarily, at the period of flowering of allergenic plants, change of the place of residence of the child (unless, of course, possible).
As regards the treatment of hay fever, here preferably involved in the process not only a pediatrician but an allergist. The basis of the pharmacological treatment of pollinosis in children — antihistamine therapy. The mechanism of action of drugs of this group are based on the inactivation of histamine — a mediator of inflammation and allergic reactions. Antihistamines can cope with the itching, sneezing and watery eyes, but they are sometimes powerless when nasal congestion. These drugs are available as tablets and in the form of nasal sprays and have two “field activities”:
- as an emergency assistance if you experience symptoms of hay fever;
- as a prophylactic in cases when it is known beforehand that the child will be in a “society” of allergens.
The main pharmacologically active components of antihistamines are cetirizine, Fexofenadine and loratadine. Compared with the drugs of an earlier generation (remember, though, the same diphenhydramine), they practically do not cause drowsiness.
Another effective medicines for hay fever corticosteroids in form of nasal sprays and drops. These drugs are used only in severe cases, due to their serious impact on the child’s body. Corticosteroids have a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, therefore, they are able to suppress the effects of allergic reactions. The corticosteroids used in cases where antihistamines have not given the desired effect or when the main symptom of hay fever is a stuffy nose.
Treatment of pollinosis in children remedies in the form of sprays or catalase one good option in the symptomatic treatment of allergic nasal congestion — nasal decongestants in the form of sprays or drops. They narrow the blood vessels of the nasal mucosa and facilitate breathing. Often, antihistamines and decongestants are combined in one product to provide the most comprehensive effect.
During the exacerbation of hay fever, the child should be transferred to a sparing diet, necessarily excluding berries and fruits of allergenic plants. For example, if the cause of allergies is the nut, from the diet is necessary to remove the nuts if the sunflower — seeds, etc.
Hay fever, despite its apparent security (“you just have to wait”) is fraught with quite serious consequences. Therefore, parents should be very attentive to any allergic manifestations at your child and do not delay it indefinitely, to pay a visit to an allergist.