Exfoliation in cosmetics: types, precautions

Written by med

Peeling is a cosmetic procedure aimed at removing the upper Horny layer of the skin. The top layer of the epidermis on the entire surface of the body presents a nuclear-free, dead cells. Normal cells are gradually sloughed off off on their own, but this process is quite lengthy.

Cosmetic exfoliation removes surface dead skin cells quickly and effectively. When used correctly, this treatment accelerates the natural renewal processes of skin and improves the appearance of the face and body.

The types of peels

The stronger the influence of peeling on the skin, the more remote the thickness of the surface layer. In depth exposure to cosmetic peeling is divided into:

  • surface;
  • middle;
  • deep.

A superficial peel is the mildest. During this purification removed only the top layers of the skin, only dead skin cells. Median peeling affects living cells receiving active blood supply. Deep peeling is the most aggressive in nature. This procedure works on all skin layers, including the reticular layer of the dermis.
Superficial peels can be performed at home. Median peeling – only salon procedure, requiring the work of an experienced beautician. Deep peels are the prerogative of the medical cosmetology centers. The attitude towards them is almost as serious as surgery.

Depending on what removed skin cells, there are several types of peels:

  • mechanical;
  • chemical;
  • enzyme;
  • ultrasonic;
  • laser;
  • other species.

The choice of method of exposure of the skin depends on the individual. Most popular mechanical and chemical peels as treatments these types of do not require expensive equipment.

Mechanical peelings

At home almost always is mechanical exfoliation. For exfoliation of the epidermis in this case is used of solid particles in the composition of cosmetic products (body scrub). Manufacturers include different components in the composition of the scrubs. Mechanical the mildest peels are performed with tools based on soluble solids (sugar, salt). Greater impact provide scrubs with crushed almond shells, abrasive materials, minerals.

Mechanical pilishkina peels

Chemical peeling performed by a esthetician. The essence of the procedure consists in applying to the skin the acid in small concentrations. The Corrosive damages the cells, causing their necrosis. Simultaneously, there is stimulation of protective mechanisms in skin: starts the processes of synthesis of collagen and elastin, restores the hyaluronic acid.

Before and after a chemical peel

If the product contains a minimum concentration of weak acids, with care it can be used at home. Professional chemical peels should only be done by a specialist. When a cosmetologist works with acids, it performs a controlled depth chemical burn. Even small errors in technique procedure, can have difficult consequences.

What acids are used for peeling? In modern use:

  • salicylic acid;
  • glycolic acid;
  • pyruvic acid;
  • citric acid;
  • malic acid;
  • phytic acid
  • retinoic acid;
  • other.

The properties of the peel will depend on the used acid. Salicylic acid is used in the fight against acne. Retinoic – for maximum anti-aging effect. Phytic acid helps to reduce pigmentation.

What can be achieved with peels?

Peeling, as with any cosmetic procedure used to improve the appearance. Each peel helps to cleanse the skin. Removed from the surface of small comedones, normalizes the sebaceous glands. The pores of the skin after peeling open, which has a positive effect metabolic processes in the tissue.

After a light peel the skin is able to best respond to other cosmetic effects. The application of nourishing mask, moisturizer and other means immediately after the procedure, will be more effective.

Deep and medium peels help to rejuvenate the skin. Restores the synthesis of elastic fibers that support the skin. Increases the concentration of hyaluronic acid that maintains moisture in thicker fabrics. As a result, the skin looks several years younger.

Peeling may not solve all of the age problem the skin. Wrinkles are not subject to this cosmetic effect. Even deep skin peels are not able to get rid of facial and other wrinkles.


Peeling of the active cosmetic procedure. Before you start using a scrub at home read the instructions carefully. Even better, consult a specialist.

Middle and deep peeling is only performed by a cosmetologist-dermatologist. The doctor before the procedure to assess your skin and select the tool.

Peels can cause pigmentation. Get rid of sections of the darkened skin in the future will be almost impossible. To avoid such consequences are not in the sun after the procedure. Typically acid peels are planning for the autumn-winter period. Because of the risk of pigmentation for dark skin-depth procedure is generally contraindicated.

Even the most gentle peeling by excessive use damages the skin. The epidermis loses its protective properties, and tissues become vulnerable to external influences. This can cause redness, peeling, feeling of tightness of the skin. Damage can become a gateway for infection. Dehydrated and injured by the peeling skin looks older, it wrinkles quickly.

It is ideal to use a home peeling 1-2 times a week. More frequent treatments do more harm than good. Scrub should be applied on wet skin, avoiding the area around the lips and eyes. RUB the remedy into the skin there is no need: simply apply a soft stroking movements along the massage lines.

Leave a Comment

  • Partner links