With the onset of summer, almost all women strive to attain beautiful and quite sexy tan. Are no exception and expectant mothers. However, before rushing to the beach, pregnant woman should know how to sunbathe, what harm is able to cause the sun’s rays, is there any benefit from the sun during the period of gestation, and find out from your doctor contraindications to ultraviolet radiation.
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Skin color or “types” of people
Can I tan during pregnancy?First, a little deviate from the stated topic and talk about the color of the skin and types of people. Color of skin, eyes and hair there are several “types” of people. This is due to the content in the skin pigment melanin, the more, the darker the skin. In addition, the close proximity of blood vessels to the skin and their contraction or expansion also affects its color. Close localized dilated vessels give the skin a reddish colour, and narrowed – pallor. Do not forget about the thickness of the epidermis. A thick layer of the epidermis with multiple dead skin cells give the skin a grayish color.
“Types” of people:
- The first type. People with red hair, light eyes and skin. This type is recommended to avoid direct sunlight, otherwise the high probability of getting a sunburn.
- The second type. This type includes people with fair hair (blond), skin and eyes. They also do not stay in the sun.
- The third type. This type characterizes brunettes with dark skin and eyes. They are easily and tan quickly, avoiding sunburn.
The use of tanning during pregnancy
In addition to the pleasant sensations of warmth and relaxation, a finding under ultraviolet rays, with the goal of obtaining a tan, has many advantages, especially during pregnancy. These include:
Increases the production of vitamin C
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid plays a significant role in the functioning of the body. First, under the influence of vitamin C increases the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, which strengthen bone and muscle tissue. Second, ascorbic acid is involved in wound healing. Thirdly, vitamin C helps the body absorb iron and increase the amount of hemoglobin, which is very important during pregnancy, since in this period can often develop iron deficiency anemia. For the formation of the required amount of ascorbic acid in the body enough in the summer to sunbathe for 5 – 10 minutes two to three times a day.
The synthesis of vitamin D
Ultraviolet rays contribute to the formation of vitamin D, which is necessary not only pregnant woman but also her unborn child. Vitamin D prevents the development of rickets in the baby after birth as well as postnatal jaundice. In addition, the production of vitamin D is the prevention of osteoporosis (thinning of bone due to leaching of calcium salts, which leads to spontaneous fractures) in women, particularly in the eligibility period.
Prevention of depression
The sun’s rays are a great antidepressant, and good mood of the mother is also beneficial for her baby.
Under the influence of ultraviolet radiation intensifies the process of metabolism and the endocrine glands.
Prevention of rhesus-conflict
In the case of a women negative RH group and repeated pregnancy, the high risk of rhesus-conflict, and post-Natal period haemolytic disease of the newborn. Heliotherapy (santalaceae) has a beneficial effect on the course of such pregnancies.
Strengthens the immune system
During pregnancy under influence of hormones the body’s defenses are weakened, especially in the first trimester. A weakened immune system prevents rejection of the fetus. Under the action of sunlight immune defense becomes stronger, which reduces the risk of colds during the autumn-winter period.
Tanning during beremennosti tanning during pregnancy
Failure to comply with the rules of the sunburn ultraviolet rays are able to cause great harm, to both mother and child, until spontaneous abortion:
The risk of miscarriage or premature birth
Prolonged exposure to the sun contributes to dehydration, which reduces blood volume and increases the concentration of oxytocin – the hormone that causes contraction of the muscles of the uterus, which is fraught with threatened miscarriage.
The risk of uterine bleeding
Decreased muscle tone and vasodilation (especially in the presence of a low placentation or placenta previa) can lead to uterine bleeding.
Negative impact on varicocelectomy Vienna
During pregnancy, many women develop varicose veins of the lower extremities. Under the action of sunlight vascular tone is reduced, they develop congestion and slows down the bloodstream. This contributes to the progression of the disease and even the development of thrombophlebitis.
Brain damage of the fetus
Excessive exposure to the sun triggers a sharp increase in body temperature that leads to brain damage in the fetus.
UV rays cause pigment of different color intensity of the spots, which are formed most often on the face, neckline, neck and ears. Such spots (chloasma, the “mask of pregnancy”) are performed only after delivery and not immediately. No harm from them, apart from the aesthetic inconvenience.
The rapid aging of the skin
Under the influence of sunlight the skin to lose its elasticity and softness, the epidermis faster ogrubevaet and exfoliated, which leads to premature aging of the skin. In addition, those bronze tan it is useful to know that ultraviolet light triggers the development of malignant processes (taking into account the thinning of the ozone layer at present), in particular skin cancer.
Acute vascular insufficiency
Prolonged exposure to the sun causes an increase in body temperature and increases heat transfer, and the center of thermoregulation in pregnant women is not able to cope with these problems, with solar and heat stroke.
Reduces the production of folic acid
The reduction in the amount of folic acid in the mother’s body may lead to disorders in the development of the nervous system of the child.