Botox anti-wrinkle: indications, contraindications and side effects

Written by med

The fight against the signs of aging is in our society by all available means. Cosmetology offers a whole Arsenal of procedures and remedies for eliminating wrinkles and age-related skin changes. Recently in Russia were increasingly used injection drugs anti wrinkle. Such “injections of beauty” can be attributed to Botox.

Botox is a drug created on the basis of botulinum toxin. This protein complex, the pharmaceutical industry receives from the botulism bacteria (Clostridium botulinum). It includes a neurotoxin that blocks neuromuscular transmission. If the human body gets food contaminated with this toxin, it develops a heavy defeat of the nervous tissue – botulism, manifested symmetrical paralysis. But scientists were able to apply the properties of a neurotoxin for the benefit of medicine and cosmetology. In the drug Botox, the toxin concentration is extremely low. When injected into muscle it causes temporary relaxation of the tissue. Botox is approved for the treatment of strabismus, blepharospasm, torticollis, and some other States. The use of Botox in cosmetology is the use of outside readings. However, that’s exactly what Botox is used most often.

The effect of Botox injections on wrinkles

Skin aging is manifested by the appearance of the folds (wrinkles) under the influence of external adverse factors, gravity and movements of the facial muscles. Mimic muscles especially often provokes the appearance of lumpy skin on the forehead, between the brows, around the eyes. To combat these wrinkles are mainly used preparations of botulinum toxin.

In cosmetology, the drug is administered by injection directly into the selected facial muscles. On the surface of the skin sometimes cause a local anesthetic. In most cases, the drug is almost painless and no anesthesia is required. The effect of the drug local. In approved dosages it does not penetrate into the brain and has no effect on the entire body.

The effect of Botox in the muscle after injection consists of several consecutive phases. The result of The processes are blocked the end of the motor nerves and muscles no longer receive signals from the Central nervous system. After 1-2 hours develops an explicit relaxation of the muscles, which continues to intensify over the next days. Maximum external effect can be seen two weeks after injection. Relaxation of muscles reduces the depth of wrinkles or their total disappearance. The skin surface becomes smooth. The effect of Botox is reversible. For several months the nerve endings regain their function. Usually the clinical effect is seen for 3-6 months. After six months to maintain the ANTOR group has of the skin injection should be repeated. Multiple treatments contribute to a good appearance. Old wrinkles, the new does not arise.

Botox anti-wrinkle: before and after (photos)Indications for Botox injections

Botox can be used to combat facial wrinkles. The main indications for its application: horizontal forehead wrinkles, frown creases of the glabella, crow’s feet, upper lip wrinkles, drooping corners of the mouth, nasolabial folds, wrinkles of the neck and décolleté. Most often the drug is administered in the following muscles: m.frontalis, m.the corrugator supercilii, m.orbicularis oculi, m.procerus, m.nasalis, m.depressor anguli oris, platisma, m.mentalis. The greatest results are observed when working with the muscles of the upper half of the face. The longer there is a crease and more of its depth, the more modest can be the effect of the drug. But with the combination of Botox injections and hyaluronic acid to smooth out wrinkles existing a few decades.

Contraindications to Botox injections

Botox has a good safety profile. But still, the injections should only be performed by a technician and only with the contraindications. You cannot use Botox in the following cases:

  • reduced clotting ability of blood;
  • myasthenia gravis;
  • respiratory failure;
  • pregnancy;
  • the period of breastfeeding;
  • treatment with some antibiotics;
  • infectious process in the field of target muscles;
  • any acute disease;
  • Allergy to components of the drug.

Before the procedures, the consultation of a cosmetologist, General examination, collection of information on concomitant diseases, the necessary examination.

Side effects from Botox injections

Even if the injection was performed according to the rules, possible complications and side effects. Sometimes develops a reaction to the introduction of the drug in the form of intoxication. Causes nauseam, weakness, flu-like condition. This condition resolves on its own within a few hours. In the injection of Botox can appear swelling, redness, bruising, pain. These effects disappear within a few days. The longest of the side effects you may experience excessive relaxation of the muscles.

Clinical overdose may be manifested by ptosis of the eye, corner of the mouth, sagging of the century, a pronounced asymmetry of the face. Another undesirable phenomenon is the insensitivity of the patient to the introduction of Botox. This situation can develop after repeated injections if the body produces antibodies destroying neurotoxin.

The reasons for the failure of the injections may be a violation of the rules of preparation and storage of the drug.

Botox injections will not help with wrinkles caused by sunlight and age-related process of loss of collagen.

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