Bleeding gums: causes, treatment, recommendations

Written by med

Bleeding gums may indicate potential health risks and diseases. Despite the fact that bleeding gums do not necessarily indicate health problems, for example, the cause of bleeding may be poorly fitting dentures, we strongly advise you to visit the dentist, so that he could conduct the necessary research and to eliminate the risk of serious diseases.

Possible health risks

The most important indicator of bleeding gums is plaque that builds up along the gum line, usually due to improper care of the oral cavity. The two most common gum diseases, which are accompanied by bleeding, are:

  • Gingivitis: caused by excessive accumulation of plaque, symptoms are swollen and weak gums. If gingivitis is not treated, it can progress to periodontitis which is a destructive form of gum disease.
  • Periodontal disease: often accompanied by other symptoms, such as fetid breath from the mouth. If you leave the disease without treatment, the teeth may eventually become loose and fall out.

Because periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease, studies have also shown that in very advanced cases, it can increase the risk of other diseases:

  • heart attack;
  • stroke;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • erectile dysfunction.

It is important to note that bleeding gums can indicate other diseases that are not associated with diseases of the oral cavity, such as:

  • diabetes;
  • leukemia: cancer of blood or bone marrow that is characterized by the lack of ability to coagulation, so bleeding gums may indicate the presence of this disease in the patient;
  • poor diet: gingival bleeding may indicate inadequate intake of nutrients, and therefore can be cured simply by maintaining a healthy diet;
  • scurvy — a disease caused by an acute lack of vitamin C . Symptoms include weakness, drowsiness, shortness of breath and pain in the bones;
  • the deficiency of vitamin K: this vitamin plays a vital role in blood clotting, so its deficiency can lead to abnormal bleeding from the gums.

How to prevent bleeding of disengaging mouth

Maintaining the health of your mouth, You reduce the risk of bleeding gums to a minimum. Here are some tips:

  • annual dental examination of the oral cavity, a dental cleaning by a certified technician;
  • the habit of the correct use of dental floss and a toothbrush, at least twice a day.
  • use dental floss and brush after each meal;
  • drink plenty of liquids after a meal;
  • quitting Smoking and minimizing the use of tobacco products.


Some products can also help to avoid bleeding gums:

  • vitamin C: helps in the treatment of scurvy, which can cause abnormal bleeding. Sources of this vitamin are citrus fruits: oranges, lemons, limes, and grapefruits;
  • vitamin K: provides blood clotting and can help with bleeding gums. Sources of vitamin K are bananas, spinach and Swiss chard;
  • water: get in the habit of drinking water after a meal, which helps wash away food debris from the teeth and gums, and prevent plaque accumulation. It is very important that the juices and sweet drinks have rather the opposite effect and can harm the health of the oral cavity;
  • fruits and vegetables with high fiber: high fiber content of these foods help to clean off food debris from the teeth and gums as a toothbrush. Such foods are apples, strawberries and celery. But, it is important to note that these products cannot replace brushing and flossing.

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