We are all painfully watching for spring and summer days with their unique aromas, vacation concerns, hikes and picnics, fruit rats and other bonuses for the average resident of Central Russia, where it is cold-wet period lasts almost six months. This is all well and good, but any immunologist will definitely dilute this idyll modicum of negativity.
Indeed, in the warm season surrounds us much more of the allergens than in the cold of winter. And Allergy substance is changeable. In some it is expressed in the lung, skin rash, kopiruem a couple of tablets of Ketotifen, for others it is in the truest sense of the word can become a matter of life and death. Today we will tell you about this dark side allergic reactions like anaphylactic shock.
The content of the article
Anaphylactic shock: what is it?
Swelling of the tongue and lips, difficult breathing, one of the signs socialability anaphylactic shock is an instant allergic reaction. The word “instant” refers to minutes, and in some cases seconds, which take place after direct contact with allergen. While circulation and respiration are violated to such an extent that without appropriate emergency measures the person may die.
The condition for the occurrence of such inadequate reaction of the immune system is the preceding contact of the organism with allergen. In other words, anaphylactic shock is called the re-entering of allergen into the organism. We should not think that if you don’t have any allergies, you are 100% immune from anaphylaxis. This is not so. But still its probability is disproportionately higher in those individuals for whom the Allergy is a long-standing problem, for example, the same asthmatics.
Most often anaphylactic shock develops in response to repeated “acquaintance” with the following allergens:
- various types of nuts (hazelnuts, almonds, cashews, walnuts, peanuts, etc.);
- poison from bee stings, wasps, horseflies;
- food products (citrus fruits, milk products, fish, bananas, etc.);
- drug (virtually every drug, if you look at the instruction manual, may cause an allergic reaction);
- household chemicals (washing powders, hair dye, etc.).
The symptoms of anaphylactic shock
Anaphylactic shock is a life-threatening condition, so the ability to quickly separate the wheat from the chaff, and anaphylactic shock from some functional ailments can be very expensive. Of anaphylaxis in the body observed a massive release of inflammatory mediator histamine. It negatively affects blood flow, causing the skin of the patient turns pale and cold. The signs of anaphylactic shock include:
- when a sharp change in the human condition are clearly correlated in time with the contact with a potential allergen (a bee sting, injection or ingestion of any drug, and eating unconventional food, etc.);
- dyspnea, cyanotic color of the skin of the face and lips;
- the lethargy of the nervous system, loss of consciousness;
- skin rash in different quantities and types.
- swelling of the tongue and lips, impeding the respiratory process.
Anaphylactic shock every person can have their own specifics. One first thing in the affected skin (itching, rash, swelling, redness), others anaphylaxis immediately “has a brain”, causing severe headaches, nauseam with vomiting, muscle spasms, urinary incontinence, loss of consciousness. In some cases, anaphylactic shock causes myocardial infarction.
Anaphylaxis: first aid
Then count to two is not necessary: it is necessary immediately call an ambulance. When at stake is the risk of cardiac arrest or cessation of breathing, the other option can not be.
First aid for anaphylactic sociely people have no (unconscious not breathing), and the ambulance hasn’t arrived yet, you must try to revive him, remembering the skills learned in the school lessons. Immediately start chest compressions, his fingers and rhythmically (100-120 times per minute) pressing his hands on the sternum so as to leave a depth of 5-6 cm the Massage should be combined with artificial respiration system “mouth-to-mouth” approximately every 30-40 pressure. Do not forget to close the victim”s nose.
If the patient is conscious and breathing, it should be put or placed in a reclining position. If he weakened, it is required to lay on a horizontal surface without protrusions, a little raised legs (put a pillow).
Possible we should try to remove from the body a potential allergen (gastric lavage, induce vomiting, remove bee stinger, etc.).