Dietology

A therapeutic diet table No. 2: description and menu

Written by med

The content of the article

  • The indications for prescribing the diet number 2
  • What diet is assigned
  • General characteristics of the diet
  • Foods and dishes that are recommended and are excluded diet
  • Bread and flour products
  • Vegetables
  • Soups
  • Dishes of poultry and meat
  • Fish
  • Dairy products
  • Eggs
  • Cereals
  • Snacks
  • Fruits, sweets, sweet dishes
  • Sauces and spices
  • Drinks
  • Fats
  • Approximate menu of a therapeutic diet No. 2

The indications for prescribing the diet number 2

A therapeutic diet table # 2 This diet is prescribed as a transition to a normal diet for chronic gastritis in the phase of recovery or when mild aggravation after aggravation; enteritis, acute gastritis and colitis in the recovery period; chronic colitis and enteritis after the exacerbation without concomitant diseases of the biliary tract, pancreas, liver, or gastritis with increased secretion. After surgery and acute infections in the recovery period.

What diet is assigned

The main purpose of the diet number 2 is to normalize the motor function, moderate to stimulate the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract and digestive organs, to provide adequate nutrition.

General characteristics of the diet

Physiologically full diet with moderate mechanical sparing and moderate stimulation of the secretion of the digestive system. Shown meals with different degree of grinding and heat treatment — steamed, baked, boiled, fried without the formation of rough peel (not to be planirovat in flour or breadcrumbs); pureed meals from foods rich in fiber. Excluded from the diet foods and dishes, long retained in the stomach, indigestible, irritating the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, hot and cold food, spicy seasonings.

Foods and dishes that are recommended and exclude detailer and flour products

Slightly stale or dried bread from wheat flour of highest, 1st and 2nd grade. Cookies butter tarts and baked goods, pies with boiled fish or meat, rice, eggs, jam, apples.
Exclude: products from puff and fancy pastry, and fresh bread.

Vegetables

Zucchini, potatoes, pumpkin, beets, carrots, cauliflower. Green peas and cabbage — in case of normal tolerability. Boiled, baked and braised pieces, in the form of puddings, casseroles and mashed potatoes. Fried and baked without the crust patties. The only ripe tomatoes. Greens finely chopped to add in food.
Exclude: not pureed raw vegetables, salted and marinated, onion, garlic, radish, sweet pepper, radish, turnips, cucumbers, mushrooms.

Soups

On the low-fat meat and fish broth, broth of vegetables and mushrooms with pureed or finely shinkovanny vegetables, potatoes, mashed or boiled cereals, meatballs, noodle, noodles. Borscht, cabbage soup with fresh cabbage, Sokolniki with pureed or finely chopped vegetables – under normal tolerability. Pickle replace the pickles with brine and pureed vegetables.
Exclude: the soup, milk soups, bean, pea soup, soup of millet.

Dishes of poultry and meat

Low-fat without tendons, fascia, skin; baked, boiled, fried (not pyrovate, but you can lubricate the egg). Products in the stuffing of veal, beef, rabbits, turkeys, chickens, and not greasy lamb meat and pork. Rabbit, turkeys, chickens you can cook a piece. Sausages. Boiled tongue. Baked pancakes with boiled meat.
Exclude: fatty and stringy meat of animals and birds, goose, duck, smoked meats, canned foods; limit lamb and pork.

Fish

Low-fat varieties and species of fish. Chopped or a piece of steamed, boiled, baked, fried without breading.
Exclude: smoked, salted fish, oily species of fish eateries canned.

Dairy products

Yogurt, kefir, other dairy drinks, fresh cheese in dishes (pudding, soufflé, cheesecakes, lazy dumplings) and in its natural form, cheese grated or sliced, up to 15 g of cream on a dish; cream and milk added to beverages and food.

Eggs

Steam, fried and baked (without rough crust) omelets; protein pretzel with cheese, boiled soft-boiled.
Exclude: hard-boiled eggs.

Cereals

Porridge on the water, in meat broth, milk including loose well-boiled cereals except barley and millet. Pudding steam baked and fried without rough crust or steam cutlets, vermicelli, noodles with boiled meat or cheese , fruit pilaf.
Exclude: to limit the millet, millet, barley, corn, legumes.

Snacks

Salads of cooked vegetables and fresh tomatoes with fish, meat, eggs (no pickles, onions, sauerkraut), vegetable caviar. Not sharp cheese. Herring soaked and mincemeat out of it. Meat, fish, and jellied tongue, beef no fat jelly, liver pate, ham without fat, dietary, dairy and doctoral sausage, caviar of sturgeon.
Exclude: very oily and spicy snacks, canned, smoked.

Fruits, sweets, sweet dishes

Ripe berries and fruits pureed (mashed) or very soft. Jellies, compotes, mousse, jelly. Compote of dried fruits. Baked apples. Lemons, oranges (in tea, jelly). With good endurance watermelon, oranges, tangerines, grapes without the skin, about 100-200 g per day. Toffee, meringue, creamy caramel, snowball, marmalade, marshmallow, candy, sugar, honey, jam, jams.
Exclude: ice cream, berries with a rough skin (gooseberries) or coarse grains (red currants, raspberries), figs, dates, cream and chocolate products.

Sauces and spices

White sour cream sauce with lemon on fish, meat, mushroom and vegetable broths. Cinnamon, vanilla, parsley, fennel, celery, bit of Bay leaf.
Exclude: mustard, horseradish, pepper, spicy and fatty sauces,

Drinks

Vegetable juices, berries, fruit, diluted with water. Coffee and cocoa, tea with lemon. Decoctions of bran and rose hips.
Exclude: beer, grape juice.

Fats

Butter, refined vegetable oil.
Exclude: lamb, beef and cooking fats, lard.

Approximate menu of a therapeutic diet No. 2

Breakfast: porridge milk, boiled egg, tea, cheese.
Lunch: meat broth with noodles, fried meat cutlet breaded with mashed potatoes, jelly.
Snack: a decoction of rose hips.
Dinner: fish in aspic, rice pudding with fruit, tea.
At night: kefir.

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